Participation

Transparent and inclusive processes for public policy decision making are essential for averting capture by narrow interest groups. Key prerequisites are an open government that involves civil society in the development and implementation of policies, transparent parliamentary processes, and basic controls for managing conflict-of-interest situations, promoting transparency in lobbying activities, and monitoring the financing of political parties and election campaigns. This set of indicators do not measure the sub-principle on existence of civil society “watchdog” organisations, as that is done by other international organisations and NGOs. Data collection is ongoing for this set of indicators, with a scheduled release in March 2022. The indicators measure the state of play for the norms established in Principle 13 of the OECD Council Recommendation on Public Integrity and the policy advice provided in the Public Integrity Handbook.