Conflict-of-interest prevention mechanisms for senior officials

Review of information submitted by national authorities regarding procedures related to conflict-of-interest management and sanctions and their implementation to fulfil the criteria below. In countries with mandatory interest declaration, the rates for criteria 1-4 represent the actual number of interest declarations submitted as a share of all obligatory submissions, expressed as a percentage. In countries without mandatory interest declaration, the rates for criteria 1-4 represent the actual number of interest declarations submitted as a share of all members (ministers, parliamentarians, high-level judges, top-tier civil servants), expressed as a percentage. Only general interest and/or asset declarations and financial disclosure schemes are taking into account, not ad hoc conflict-of-interest declarations pertaining to specific situations (e.g. declaration of a conflict of interest during a committee or plenary discussion of the Parliament, declaration of conflicts of interest to the head of jurisdiction for judicial officials).
Value
The submission rate of interest declarations from members of the Government is 100% for the past six years.
The submission rate of interest declarations from members of parliament is at least 90% for the past six years.
The submission rate of interest declarations from members of the highest bodies of the judiciary is at least 80% for the past four years.
The submission rate of mandatory interest declarations from newly appointed or reappointed top-tier civil servants of the executive branch is at least 80% for the past four years.
Declarations to be verified are selected according a risk-based approach.
At least 60% of declarations filed during the latest two full calendar years were verified by the responsible authority.
The responsible authority has issued recommendations for resolution within 12 months for all cases of conflict of interest detected for the past three years.
A range of sanctions has been issued during the past three years in cases of non-compliance with disclosure obligations, non-management or non-resolution of a conflict-of-interest situation.